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January

As concerns about bacterial resistance to antibiotics grow, researchers are racing to find new kinds of drugs to replace ones that are no longer effective. One promising new class of molecules called acyldepsipeptides — ADEPs — kills bacteria in a way that no marketed antibacterial drug does — by altering the pathway through which cells rid themselves of harmful proteins.

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When the UW’s medical school gave Tim Cordes a chance, he exceeded expectations, teaching others that being blind needn’t destroy one’s dreams.

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“With a scribe, I can think medically instead of clerically,” said Dr. Bednar, 40.

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February

We demonstrate a Google Glass-based rapid diagnostic test (RDT) reader platform capable of qualitative and quantitative measurements of various lateral flow immunochromatographic assays and similar biomedical diagnostics tests.

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Want to know what it takes to become a doctor? The FIU Office of Pre-Health Professions Advising & the FIU Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine invite you to learn everything you need to know about becoming a physician! Click the title to view the PowerPoint.

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March

Inspired by natural materials like bone — a matrix of minerals and other substances, including living cells — MIT engineers have coaxed bacterial cells to produce biofilms that can incorporate nonliving materials, such as gold nanoparticles and quantum dots.

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"A new model predicts which influenza strain will be most prevalent next year, but glosses over reams of research to do so. If it can help us design more effective vaccines, does it matter? Find out..."

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“More than 90 percent of professional science master’s graduates that we surveyed for 2013 were employed in a job related to their field of study,” she said, “and 68 percent of those employed in full-time jobs said they were earning above $50,000.” The blended degree, she explained, “grew out of the realization that we needed to prepare students not with the degree their professors have, but with degrees that are needed in the workplace.”

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April

Watch the progression of PCR from its conception to advancements that are breaking ground into new and exciting applications.

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"Purdue Univ. researchers have identified an important enzyme pathway that helps prevent new cells from receiving too many or too few chromosomes, a condition that has been directly linked to cancer and other diseases."

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"A University of St Andrews study has found that — despite fears of a biodiversity crisis — there has, in fact, not been a consistent drop in numbers of species found locally around the world."

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A survey of emergency contraceptive pills in Peru found that 28 percent of the batches studied were either of substandard quality or falsified. Many pills released the active ingredient too slowly. Others had the wrong active ingredient. One batch had no active ingredient at all.

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Scientists have been given permission to grow genetically modified plants that could help protect against heart disease.

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The extra chromosome behind Down’s syndrome can impact transcriptional regulation beyond chromosome 21, a study finds.

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"Dutch researchers have found that the H5N1 bird flu virus needs only five favorable gene mutations to become transmissible through coughing or sneezing, like regular flu viruses."

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"Scientists in France have designed a new breakthrough technology that can dramatically reduce the negative complications associated with blood transfusions, and in turn, save many lives."

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"The intestinal parasite Entamoeba histolytica kills host cells by tearing pieces from them, which it then eats."

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Check out this fascinating TED Talk! "Hugh Herr is building the next generation of bionic limbs, robotic prosthetics inspired by nature's own designs. Herr lost both legs in a climbing accident 30 years ago; now, as the head of the MIT Media Lab's Biomechatronics group, he shows his incredible technology in a talk that's both technical and deeply personal."

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University of Texas at San Antonio microbiologist Karl Klose discusses the problem of antibiotic resistance in a 2013 TEDx talk.

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Theoretical physicist Michio Kaku describes his new theory of consciousness.

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May

"People may soon be able to learn whether or not they have lung cancer -- and how bad their cancer is -- by breathing into a tube."

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"In recent years, the bacterial communities living in and on our bodies have captivated scientists and the public alike. The gut microbiome has been tied to diverse functions and linked to both health and disease. But researchers now know that the gastrointestinal tract is just one of the many microbial homes on the human body. Here, The Scientist looks at some of these bacterial communities outside the gut, including the vagina, the penis, the breast, the nose, and more."

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"Most schools across the United States provide simple vision tests to their students—not to prescribe glasses, but to identify potential problems and recommend a trip to the optometrist. Researchers are now on the cusp of providing the same kind of service for autism."

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"Mayo Clinic Trial: Massive measles vaccine attacks blood cancer."

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"Changing neural activity in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain can cause a sleeper to become aware of her dreaming state, a study shows."

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"For the first time, MIT researchers cure a genetic disease in adult animals using the powerful CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technique. Learn more..."

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"Will a new single-cell exome sequencing technique show how tumors evolve, metastasize, and respond to therapeutics? Find out..."

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"Will a new single-cell exome sequencing technique show how tumors evolve, metastasize, and respond to therapeutics? Find out..."

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June

"High-tech gloves can help people learn how to read and write Braille. The twist is that people wearing the glove don't have to pay attention. They learn while doing something else."

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"A clinical trial involving nearly 300 Chinese men and women residing in one of China's most polluted regions found that daily consumption of a half cup of broccoli sprout beverage produced rapid, significant and sustained higher levels of excretion of benzene, a known human carcinogen, and acrolein, a lung irritant."

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"Along with vaccination, antiviral drugs could play a key role in the eradication of poliovirus, but it’s unclear whether today’s candidate therapies will withstand the challenges of the clinic."

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"Researchers from Northwestern Univ. and the Univ. of New Mexico have reported evidence for potentially oceans-worth of water deep beneath the U.S. Though not in the familiar liquid form — the ingredients for water are bound up in rock deep in the Earth's mantle — the discovery may represent the planet's largest water reservoir."

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"In a paper published today by the journal Cell, Vanderbilt Univ. researchers establish for the first time that bromine, among the 92 naturally occurring chemical elements in the universe, is the 28th element essential for tissue development in all animals, from primitive sea creatures to humans."

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"In the battle against stubborn skin infections, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a new single-dose antibiotic is as effective as a twice-daily infusion given for up to 10 days, according to a large study led by Duke Medicine researchers."

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Using just three dopaminergic neurons, Drosophila larvae can sense whether a food source lacks a full roster of essential amino acids.

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July

"Health officials are reporting that for the first time, U.S. mosquitoes are spreading a virus that has been tearing through the Caribbean."

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"If history is a guide, it is safe to say that weak solar activity for a prolonged period of time can have a negative impact on global temperatures in the troposphere which is the bottom-most layer of Earth’s atmosphere - and where we all live."

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September

"Microlesions in heart muscle may contribute to cardiac complications in elderly patients, a study shows."

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October

"RealView, an Israeli high-tech company, thrilled the medical world when it presented 3D holographic images of inner body organs that can be manipulated by the physician in real-time."

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"On islands off the coast of Florida, scientists uncover swift adaptive changes among Carolina anole populations, whose habitats were disturbed by the introduction of another lizard species."

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"Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell, and William Moerner have won the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy."

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"In a new study, researchers show that stem cells from discarded tonsils may someday be useful for treating liver failure and disease."

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"An efficient bacterial enzyme that boosts carbon fixation in plants may bring solutions for food security."

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November

"Researchers have found organisms that bypass metabolism entirely to eat and excrete pure electrons. Will these bacteria be the answer to pollution, water treatment, or even biocomputing? Learn more..."

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"Scientists create a photosensitive pharmaceutical to target a glutamate receptor."

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December

"It may be possible to develop a simple blood test that, by detecting changes in the zinc in our bodies, could help to diagnose breast cancer early."

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"Bats harbor diverse pathogens, including Ebola, Marburg, SARS, and MERS viruses. Understanding why could help researchers stymie deadly emerging diseases."

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"The list of the year’s best new products contains both perennial winners and innovative newcomers."

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